Autor: Giniger, Henry. 
   Spanish, in Poll, Reject Film Censorship     
 The New York Times.    27/04/1976.  Páginas: 1. Párrafos: 13. 

Spanish, in Poli, Reject Film Censorship


Special to The New York Times

MADRID, April 26—After al-most 40 years of film censor-ship, most Spaniards reject the watch over

public morals, ac-notion that the state should cording to a poll just taken.

The poll was commissioned by the Government and, in accordance with the freer climate here, it has

served as a basis for loosening state controls. Censorship of movie scripts was abolished recently and

greater tolerance toward Spanish and foreign pictures is now seen in the variety of films being shown here

compared with last year.

The results of the poll were cited by the Minister of information, Adolfo Martin-Gamero. the opening of a

film festival in Valladolid yesterday. "The state has the duty," he said, "to see that the process of

communication represented by mo-vies be carried out freely and smoothly."

Mr. Martin-Gamero promised that the Government, through a new cinema law, would seek

diversification—"a cinema that is pluralistic, since Spanish society also is pluralistic."

2,000 People Questioned The poll was taken among 2,000 people over the age of 15 described as

representative. Those most favorable to the liberalization of films tended to be younger than the rest. the

best, educated and lived in urban areas with a -relatively high attendance at movies.

Some 62 percent of those questioned said in the poll that the state should not be the guardian of a person´s

morals. Only 52 percent, however, were in favour of allowing adults to see all films without cuts and 78

percent said that if censor-ship was abolished controls should be imposed to protect minors.

According to 62 percent, any danger within a film does not depend on whether someone appears nude in

it but rather on the story it tells. Some 46 per cent thought freedom of films to express ideas on political,

social and cultural problems was good far people´s education while 19 percent thought it made no

difference one way or another.

While films are now benefiting from the freer atmosphere, the state-run television net-work continues to

be a controversial subject because of several recent cases of censor-ship of programs that were considered

objectionable on political or moral grounds. A series of programs by the Spanish playwright Antonio

Gala, who has also run afoul of censors in the theatre, was cancelled, as was a popular program of

irreverent comment by a Spanish journalist named Alfredo Amestory.

Books Are Seized

Habits of the past also continue in bock publishing, al-though it has traditionally been the freest from

official control of any means of expression. Last week, the police seized copies of a book by two Spanish

journalists on events in Victoria last month where five persons died in labor riots. The book was critical

of police action.

Another book containing letters and drawings by children from 6 to 11 years of age and addressed to

"Dear Mr. King" was also seized without explanation. The publisher said he could not understand the

seizure since the book attacked neither the King nor the rnonarchy.

However, a letter from another Juan Carlos, aged 9, said: "In Vitoria, there were three dead and the police

said they fired in the air. On the walls in front of my school they have written ´Elda—a worker

assassinated.´ And also ´Elda—no to the murderous monarchy.´" Elda is a town near Alicante where a

worker was shot by the Civil Guard.

4 Labor Leaders Seized

MADRID, April 26, Reuters— Four leftist labor leaders were arrested in the northern Basque country as

the police sought no forestall trouble on May Day.

The arrests followed the de-tention at the weekend of 54 persons said to be Marxists in the southern city

of Granada. The police said they had been meeting to plan disturbances during the festivities on Saturday.


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