THE NEW YORK TIMES, 1
100,000 Demonstrators in Madrid Shoat Their Support oí Franco
By RICHARD EDER
Special to The New York Times
MADRID, Dec. 17 — The largest crowd Madrid has seen in 25 years, except perhaps at football games, gathered today to shout its support for Generalissimo Francisco Franco. The demonstrators included Falangist groups, Government employes let off for the day, civil war veterans, many of the middle aged and the middle class, fewer of the young and very few workers.
Their number was estimated by the national press agency at 500,000 and by other Spannish newsmen at 100,000 to 200,000. Madrid´s population is three million.
The dempnstration had a double polítical significance. In part it was a repudiation, by those most closely connected with the Government of the climate of opposition and controyersy that has surged up in Spain in recent weeks.
It was also a show of forcé by groups within the Government that have felt themselves slipping from power against the faction — known variously as the technocrats or the Opus Dei group - that has dominated the Government for a year.
Most of the signs carried by the crowd and the slogans it shouted occasionally were things like "Viva Franco!" "Viva Espagna!" and "ETA al paredón" ("ETA to the wall"). The last was directed at the Basque guerrilla organization, ETA, 15 of whose adherents are awaiting sentence from a court - martial in Burgis on charges ranging from barditry to murder. The trial has served as focus for the current crisis here.
Some of the signs today emphasized the second theme. "Franco Si, Opus No," one read and another bore a complicated denunciation of the efforts of Foreign Minister Gregorio López Bravo to promote better relations with Eastern Europe.
The mood of the crowd, and many of the shouted remarks, made it even clearer that if this was a pro Franco demonstration it was also a call to General Franco to get a new Cabinet.
The demonstration began wíth a mass at the Church of the Incarnation, in memory of two policemen and a taxi driver killed in encounters with ETA. It was celebrated by the Rey. Miguel Oltra, a Franciscan who heads a right-wing association of priests that has been repudiated by the local bishops. Afterward the crowds moved into the big square in front of the Royal Palace.
There were shouts, singing, waving of signs but not speeches. Two small planes flew overhead trailing streamers with patriotic slogans. After three-quarters of an hour, General Franco, who had arrived by helicopter, appeared on the palace balcony accompanied by his designated heir, or chief of state, Prince Juan Carlos de Borgon.
The 78-year-oId generalissimo dressed in a. suit and a gray overcoat, spoke for about 40 seconds. He thanked the crowd for its enthusiasm and added:
"Because we have a state of law, because we have made our Constitution and our institutionale laws, we have a solution for all our problems. Thank you for your vigilance, for this explosión of faith and enthusiasm backed by the people, the trué people with faith in the destiny of our country."
When General Franco reorganized his Cabinet in October of last year, he relegated to an inferior position the Falangist faction that until then had been the main stay of all his governments.Power was taken by the technocrats, a conservativo but more Europeanminded group, some of whose leading members belong to the Román Catholic organization, Opus Dei.
The Opus faction consists of economists, administrators and professionals. The regime´s only mass base
— veterans´ groups, officials, in the provincial governments and the syndicates — are Falangistoriented. The Falange, a rightist group, supported General Franco in the Spanish Civil War.
Meanwhile, the West Germán Embassy here was reported to be becoming increasingly uneasy about Eugen Beihl, Bonn´s honorary cónsul at San Sebastian, who was kidnapped by Basque terrorists two weeks ago.
A letter, purported to be from the cónsul, was made public yesterday in St.-Jean-de-Luz, across the French border. It said he was losing hope.
Presumably, his fate depends on the decisión of the Spanish court-martial involving the Basque nationalists.
Hunt Takes a Bad Turn LUDGERHSALL, England, Dec. 17 (UPI)—Organizers of a local hunt have apologized to a retired farmer, Frank Mole, for an incident in which 20 hounds chased a fox into his home and killed it in the sitting room. They have also offered to pay for any repairs.
DO NOT FORGET THE NEEDIEST!