He holds doctorates from the universities of Madrid and Oxford, as well as a D.Litt (Hons.) from the University of Warwick. He has been a Research Fellow at St Antony’s College, Oxford, a Senior Lecturer at the University of Warwick, and has taught as Juan Carlos I Visiting Professor in the Department of Politics at New York University, Tinker Visiting Professor at the University of Columbia, Jean Monnet Visiting Professor at the European University Institute (Florence), and Visiting Professor at the Minda de Gunzburg Center of European Studies at Harvard University.
He was the Spanish Minister of Education and
Science between 1982 and 1988, and a member of Parliament.His major works include Dictatorship and
Political Dissent, 1978; The Transition to Democracy in Spain, 1982;
Economic Reforms in New Democracies (with L. C. Bresser and A.
Przeworski), 1993; Regimes, Politics and Markets, 1997; Democracy and
the Rule of Law (co-editor with A. Przeworski), 2003; El Control de los
Políticos, 2003; Controlling Governments. Voters, Institutions, and
Accountability (co-editor with I. Sánchez-Cuenca), 2008; La
Confrontación Política, 2008; and Las Promesas Políticas , 2013.