The lecturer will analyse the presence of the guitar in flamenco, from its origins, and describing its different stages of evolution as a musical instrument in this genre. He will also explain guitar terminology as well as the first known “tocaores”. Reference will also be made to the gypsies, their traditions and musical characteristics and the importance of their creativity. And finally, he will analyse the repertory, musical styles and most important schools. The presentation will be illustrated with musical examples performed by the guitarist Adolfo Perales.