Since 1876, the figure of Francisco Giner de los Ríos (Ronda, 1839-Madrid, 1915) is one of the most influential of the Spanish intellectual life. The battle he faced at that time in favour of the academic freedom would lead him to the creation of the Institución Libre de Enseñanza, inspired by the moral philosophy of Krausism. As time passed, the institution would resign from the initial proposal of creating a free university, independent from the official teachings, and would become a social observatory and pedagogical cabinet from where some measures aimed at transforming the Spanish society would be launched. Initiatives such as the Museo Pedagógico, Junta para Ampliación de Estudios, the Residencias de Estudiantes, or the Instituto-Escuela that stem from this reformist impulse.
Francisco Giner de los Ríos inspired them from the small building in the Martínez Campos street -at that time named Paseo del Obelisco- that still exists. From there he would make a full proposal of social moral that would deeply mark Spanish life.