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Blas Matamoro

The Spanish American novel: identity, origin and narrative URL: http://www.march.es/conferencias/anteriores/voz.aspx?p1=22511&l=2

In these conferences I address in a panoramic way the development of written narrative through the novelistic genre. For this, I begin from the literary formation of America starting from the conquers, in the middle of the Baroque period. The chronicles of the Indies open a space where the novelty of describing an unknown world and explaining it from the European optic come together, with the utopian nature of that space where it is possible to refund history and project the regeneration of humanity.

The formation of the modern novel in the 19th century is intercepted by close genera, like history, the chronicle, the autobiography, memories, and the influences specifically novelistic of the European models, starting with the French, in regards to the mechanisms of the novels themselves. The demarcation between tale and novel, and their different fortune, make the management of oral or written paradigms.

The Hispanic American novelistic theme will become diversified starting from these proposals, falling in different institutions of history itself: the revolution, the legitimacy of the leader, the dictatorship. In the order of language: the attempt to nationalize the language, the formation of a continental language in the modernist project, miscegenation and mulatto, the novels of indians and blacks narrated in Spanish. Within this theme, there are some tense dualisms that become specially important like nature and history, time and myth, civilization and barbarism, nationalism and cosmopolitanism, which feed the development of the novel. These are theme variations that point to an imaginary recurrence: the issue of the origin and its derivates, the regional, national, and continental identities.

In the specific thematic spaces, some specific historical processes are addressed, like the dictatorship, the revolution, and the relationships between the urban civilization introduced by the conqueror and the indigenous civilizations. America incorporated rather late into the historical process of the modern West, and proposes a unique and multiple reading of this cultural treasure, producing the formation of their own imaginary space.

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