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Adolfo Sotelo Vázquez

Poetics of naturalism in Spain (1881-1889) URL:

In the prologue that Clarín wrote before La cuestión palpitante (Madrid, 1883) of Emilia Pardo Bazán, the great Asturian critic and narrator restricted through a negative path the poetic of Naturalism that had been forged by Émile Zola since 1864, and which consolidate in 1877. Leopoldo Alas did so through approvals and discrepancies in the context of a literary feud -ideological and aesthetic-, that very often has not been properly explained, and that lasted in Spain from the publication of Solos (1881) -the first book of critic by Clarín- until the excellent articles by Rafael Altamira about "the modern conquests" (1889) and the Clarinian turning point that is transparent in Mezclilla (1889). This was a feud in which Menéndez Pelayo, Juan Valera, Palacio Valdés, Juan Sardá or José Yxart, among other writers, participated,.

And it is about this feud that the conference "The poetics of Naturalism in Spain (1881-1889)" will deal about. It includes how through the debate about the ideas, the poetic, and novels of Zola, a first chapter will develop in Spain focused on the nature, character and fundamental aspects of the modern novel, daughter of the Cervantian tradition, and the dialogue -mainly by Benito Pérez Galdós, Leopoldo Alas and Emilia Pardo- with the great French realism of the 19th century: Balzac, Stendhal, Flaubert y Zola. Zola and the Naturalism caused in the Spain of the 1880s a controversy that gave to Spanish literature, from La desheredada (1881) and on, an urge for knowledge, probably the strongest and richest current of the 19th century modernity. 

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