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Javier Maderuelo

Countryside and city (1749-1851). The perception of landscape and the formation of the industrial city URL: http://www.march.es/conferencias/anteriores/voz.aspx?p1=22895&l=2
Several political and economic circumstances during the first half of the 18th century caused that some noble moved to the countryside, improving their territories and estates with the construction of residences and gardens. Their presence in the countryside contributed to the improvement and modernization of the agricultural production, from where they obtained their income. The Enlightenment thinking, together with the development of sciences and a sense of economy, did not only improve agriculture but also gave way to the industrial revolution by investing the agricultural income in the construction of factories, which attracted population to the cities that soon began to grown beyond their vegetative levels and produced complex social problems. The movement of people from the countryside to the cities brought with it the birth of an urban conscience that manifested, among other ways, by the apparition of public parks to somehow represent the countryside within the city.
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