The idea of justice is one of the core topics of moral philosophy, and by extension of political philosophy. How to do what is fair is also that which every day and every person needs to decide in multiple occasions. Thus, the best way to understand the moral implications of the idea of justice includes exploring those daily decisions and how current issues reflect very deep ideas. Starting from examples ranging from homosexual marriage or immigration to euthanasia, biotechnology, or the limits of the market, Michael Sandel elaborates a critic to the three main schools of thought: the utilitarian; the one linking justice and freedom (differentiating between the supporters of "laissez-faire" and those more egalitarian); and the one linking justice with virtue and good life.
The Editorial Debate will be publishing this month of February the Spanish edition of Justicia, a book summarizing the television series of twelve chapters, which summarizes in turn Sandel's classes in Harvard along the Fall of 2005. This is an essay by Sandel from which we extract the following long fragment: "Which are our duties towards others in a free society? Should the governments collect from the rich to help the poor? Is the free market fair? Could it be that sometimes telling the truth is not good? Can it be possible that under certain circumstances assassination becomes morally necessary? Is Is it possible or desirable to legislate about moral issues? Do the individual rights enter in conflict with the common good? Justice, the course imparted by Michael J. Sandel is one of the most popular and influential of the University of Harvard. More than a thousand students pack the auditorium to listen how Professor Sandel relates the big questions of public philosophy with current topics, especially the most controversial. Justice invites us to consider, regardless of our different ideologies, hot current issues from new and enlightening perspectives. Sandel is the example of the challenge to think deeply and proves how a more firm understanding of philosophy can help us to better understand policy, moral, and our own convictions".