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4. Dialogue: Minimalism in European and American Contemporary Art


1. Introduction  |  2. Stuttgart Roots  |  3. Dialogue: From Bauhaus to American Minimalism  |  
4. Dialogue: Minimalism in European and American Contemporary Art  |  5. Neo Geo  |  6. "Review:
Reconsidering Form, Space and Line"


Works by artists showing diverse minimalist tendencies in American and European art from the 1950s to the present day are gathered in this section, where the artistic links between Europe and the United States again become noticeable.

Kenneth Noland (47), who studied under Albers and Bolotowsky at Black Mountain College during the 1940s, emerged during the 1950s as a representative of the so-called Washington Color School. He achieved a perfect merging of paint and canvas by means of his technique of using unprimed canvas, which absorbed the paint. Various representatives of so-called Post Painterly Abstraction, to which Noland also belonged, employed this technique in their works dating from the 1960s.

Along with paintings by Sean Scully (45) and Michael Heizer (42) – who is primarily known as one of the founders of 1960s Land Art – works by three women artists are also represented: Jo Baer (41) was one of the few women artists who asserted herself on the 1960s New York art scene. In a “classical” Minimal Art environment that primarily concentrated on objects, Baer defended painting. In 1964, Elaine Sturtevant (38) began creating exact duplications of works by contemporary artists in various media. Marcia Hafif (46) emerged in 1970s New York as a representative of Monochrome Painting and was part of an informal grouping of European and American artists there that was later characterized as Radical Painting.
Two British artists are also featured: Jeremy Moon (44) was the leading Minimalist painter in London in the 1960s, while the contemporary artist Julian Opie (43) has occupied himself with architecture based on the aesthetics of computer games since the early 1990s and is represented here by one of those works, an architectural sculpture. Meir Eshel, a contemporary artist from Israel known by his pseudonym Absalon (39), was active during the 1980s and, until his early death in Paris in 1993, dealt with the role of architecture in designs for living spaces (39).

A wall piece by the young New York artist Vincent Szarek (37) epitomizes the increased influence of the signs and structures of computer aesthetics on artistic production since the 1990s.
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Vincent Szarek,
Gold Teeth, 2005
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Elaine Sturtevant, Stella Arundel Castle (Study), 1990
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Absalon,
Disposition, 1998
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Absalon,
Proposition
d’Habitation
, 1991
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Jo Baer,
H. Arcuata, 1971
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Michael Heizer,
Untitled No. 5, 1975
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Jeremy Moon,
Fountain (2/67), 1967
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Sean Scully,
Red Night, 1997
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Marcia Hafif,
Pencil on paper: February 7, 1974, 1974
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Kenneth Noland,
Draftline, 1969
5. Neo Geo 5. Neo Geo
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