Joaquín Turina Pérez Archive

(Sevilla, 1882 - Madrid, 1949)

Date added: 2007

Contains handwritten and printed scores, concert programmes, press clippings, correspondence, literary manuscripts, books and personal and professional papers. Image archive: a total of up to 5,892 items, stored in cardboard, metal and wooden boxes, original albums and folders, consisting of photographs taken by the composer and postcards.

In 1991 the Foundation published Alfredo Morán's study Joaquín Turina a través de otros escritos. (PDF - 43 MB) Only in spanish. In May 2004 the same author gave a lecture at the Foundation, titled "En torno al Archivo Joaquín Turina" Only in spanish.

Joaquín Turina Pérez

Description of the archive

Identification details

Reference code: ES.28006.BFJM/

Title/Name: Joaquín Turina Pérez Collection

Dates: 1897-1949

Citation format: Joaquín Turina Pérez Collection (Library of the Juan March Foundation. Madrid)

Description level: Collection


Archival history: All the papers of Joaquín Turina remained in his possession during his lifetime and on his death passed to his children and heirs. From 1994 Alfredo Morán, the husband of one of Joaquín Turina's daughters, started to provide photocopies of handwritten, mostly published scores that had gone out of print. At the end of 2003 the family of Joaquín Turina agreed to donate the composer's personal archive. In April 2010 the heirs also submitted his archive of photographs and postcards.

Institutional history/biographical sketch: Joaquín Turina was born in Seville on 9 January 1882. In 1894 he began the study of harmony and counterpoint under Evaristo García Torres, choirmaster at the Cathedral. Almost immediately, he started to compose small pieces. His debut came on 14 March 1897, when he played "Thalberg's Fantasia" on Rossini's "Moses". In 1902 he moved to Madrid, where he immersed himself in the local musical scene and premiered his zarzuela "La Sulamita". In 1905 he left for Paris, where he started advanced studies in piano, with Moszkowsky, and composition, under the charge of Vincent D'Indy at the Schola Cantorum. His artistic production properly speaking began in 1906 with the "Poema de las Estaciones" and the "Quinteto en sol menor", which was premiered by the Parent Quartet in 1907. He became friends with Falla and Albéniz and it was the latter who encouraged him to seek inspiration in the popular music of Spain and Andalusia. In 1914 he finally settled in Madrid and spent the rest of his years there composing, teaching and performing. Joaquín Turina died in Madrid on 14 January 1949.

Manner of acquisition: DONATION

Content and Structure

Scope and Content: Most of the documents in this collection belong to one or other of the following groups: handwritten and published scores, personal and professional writings such as commentaries and lectures, drafts and notes, collections of newspaper articles and concert programmes, and his entire correspondence with numerous people over the course of his life. In many cases the correspondence includes both the letters received and those sent by Turina, as the latter were collected by his family. The archive of photographs and postcards comprises a variety of materials, totalling 5,892 items, stored in cardboard, metal and wooden boxes, original albums and folders. The documents are organised in the following large blocks: Family photographs, miscellaneous photographs (travel, landscapes, portraits by other photographers dedicated to Turina), stereoscopic photographs, acetate negatives, glass plate photographs, and postcards. The main subjects are his wife and children, genre scenes, processions, views of cities, military parades, Easter week in Seville and Madrid, foreign travel and urban scenes.

Evaluation, selection, removal: Given their historical interest, all the documents are to be preserved permanently, in accordance with Law 16/1985 of 25 June on Spanish Historical Heritage.

Organisation: Classification table

Conditions Governing Access and Use

Conditions governing access: The documents are open to all.

Conditions governing reproduction: Reproduction is permitted for research, study and performance purposes only. The scores are digitized and are reproduced through printed copies of the digitized material.

Language/script(s) of the documents: The predominant language is Spanish, but there are documents in French, English and German.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements: Most of the documents are in good condition, although there are some on onion skin that are very fragile and that have suffered deterioration from the environment and handling, as well as others that have tears.

Associated Documents

Units related by origin: Archivo Joaquín Turina.

Other related units: Sociedad General de Autores y Editores

Notes and Control

Notes: The collection is digitized

Other resources in the Foundation