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Guadalupe Gómez-Ferrer

Emilia Pardo Bazán. A bet on rupture URL:

Emilia Pardo Bazán belongs to that important generation of writers and thinkers - Pereda, Valera, Palacio Valdés, Galdós, Clarín, Giner, Menéndez Pelayo, Costa, Ramón y Cajal...- that act as the gantry to the Silver Age of the Spanish culture during the time period of the Restoration. Among so many illustrious men, doña Emilia has not gone unnoticed, but she has been insufficiently valued when it comes to evaluate the culture of that period. A rather unexpected event if we consider that she was one of the most restless and versatile figures of her environment. Hardened reader since her infancy, equipped with a great intelligence, devoted worker, full of a neverending curiosity, owner of a vast culture, and familiarized with several languages, she travelled along Europe and informed in Spain about the most recent literary movements: first the French physiological naturalism, and some time later the Russian naturalism of spiritual nature. This was through La cuestión palpitante and her conferences in the Ateneo of Madrid dealin on the revolution and the Russian novel (La revolución y la novela en Rusia).

Author of numerous novels that are among the most famous of  her period, La tribuna Los pazos de Ulloa, La madre naturaleza, Una Cristiana, La prueba, Doña Milagros, Memorias de un solterón, la Quimera..., she developed a very intense journalistic labour in which the numerous problems experienced by society  could be found: social problems, educative, religious, literary, the impact of the 98 crisis... Among these issues, one caught her attention in particular: the discrimination that women suffered in a society that called itself liberal and pretended to be democratic. It is due to this that her feminist conscience is born. The compromise of the writer with feminism will be always present in her work, and there are many tales, articles, and conferences devoted to this topic. Emilia who suffered the injustice and discrimination of women herself, will maintain all of her life the attitude of a militant in the pursuit of equality.

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