Manuel Bendala
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Carthage was one of the largest metropolis of the ancient Mediterranean world, head and motor, as well, of one of the most decisive cultural and political empires of the time. But its role, its huge  imprint in the cultural pool inherited from the classic Antiquity, remained in the dark with the same strength with which its military and political power was crushed by the emphatic victory of Rome. The sin of being the Roman's most terrible rival was payed with the penitence of a relentless damnatio memoriae. The image propagated by Rome of the "Punic perfidy", the loss of all of its literary legacy, the destruction and occupation of most Punic cities, the imposition only of the cultural brilliance of Rome, so extraordinary that it has eclipsed historically and historiographically one of the most brilliant and decisive civilizations of the classical Antiquity. A more detailed look at the Latin and Greek texts speak about Carthage and its civilization, and the extraordinary progress of archeological research allow us to shine light over the splendor of Carthage, the relevance of its city, its importance as reference and model for forms of civilization that extended across good part of the Mediterranean, with Hispania as one of the main scenarios. The expressive descriptions of some of the classical authors, fundamentally Diodorus of Sicily, Appian, and Polybius, as well as the most recent archeological research allow us to rediscover the city of Carthage and measure the urban level of one of the capitals of Antiquity, a privileged scenario of the elevated form of political constitution that was highlighted even by Aristoteles himself.
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