Enrique Baquedano (series coordinator)
The shores of the Mare Nostrum, as the inhabitants of Lazio called the Mediterranean, witnessed the birth, growth, development and even death of some of the richest and most prosperous cities in the history of mankind. These polis were the scene of great battles and adventures of Antiquity, the residence of heroes, kings and sages, and the cradle of a legacy that crossed the frontiers of time to reach the present.
This fifth series about the cities of the Mediterranean Antiquity will focus on six enclaves: the most remote Greek civilisation, the legendary patria of Agamemnon, Mycenae, was discovered by H. Schliemann in the nineteenth century due to Homer’s texts; the polis where Plato planned to set up his Republic and where Theocritus and Archimedes lived, Syracuse is remembered for its role in the Peloponnesian War and for its eternal enmity with Carthage; and Ephesus, whose acropolis preserves the Temple of Artemis, a Mecca of pilgrimage and one of the Seven Marvels of the Ancient World according to Antipater of Sidon’s famous list.
Ancient Ibiza, the Phoenician-Punic Ebusus, was an important producer and export enclave, since its colonisation during the seventh century BC and during the Roman domination, becoming fully integrated into the Empire in the first century AD as a Latin municipality. The legacy of Tarraco is testimony to what was one of the great Roman cities of the Iberian Peninsula, whose monuments are considered part of the UNESCO World Heritage List since the year 2000. Tusculum, in its mythical origins, was one of the leading cities in the formation of the Latin league against Rome, and yet, in the years of the Roman Republic, their ties grew closer, becoming vitally important in Roman politics and the residence of some of its most noteworthy figures.
In this lecture series outstanding specialists will continue to guide us through a series of cities that will transport us to past periods and cultures, to entertain us and so that we can learn from the past.