The Mosque of Cordoba, a universal monument
As Professor Antonio Almagro explains, this “universally known and valued” building brings together and gestates the prototypes of Moorish art from Muslim Spain. After the establishment of the Emirate of Córdoba, the lack of a Moorish architectural tradition gave rise to an original style that draws on local and exterior influences, using a series of architectonic and decorative solutions–the layout of the arcades, the alternation of colour and decoration on the keystones, the tripartite distribution of the facade and the use of the horseshoe arch with alfiz–that gave the building unity and cohesion in successive extensions. After the Christian conquest and its conversion into a cathedral, of particular note were the modifications made to the nave by Hernán Ruiz father and son, at the end of the fifteenth century, and the restorations carried out by Ricardo Velázquez Bosco, at the beginning of the twentieth century.
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