Gades, the three-thousand-year-old city
Manuel Bendala, Professor of Archaeology at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, explores the annals of the city of Cádiz, discussing the city from its Phoenician origins to modern times and paying focusing on the Roman era –a period in which it was known as Gades as part of the Roman Empire–. The identification of the Egyptian god Melqart with the Roman hero Hercules–to whom the city’s foundation is attributed–reveals the syncretism and superposition of cultures explaining the history of Cádiz. The archaeological discoveries made support the theses relating this important commercial colony to different neighbouring civilisations, such as the Tartessos and the Iberians.
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