Canal March

New York 1945-1968: Pollock, Jacobs, Dylan

Luis Fernández-Galiano

The two decades that followed World War II elevated New York as the cultural capital of the artistic avant-garde, under the protection of institutions such as the Museum of Modern Art of New York (MoMA) and patrons such as Hilla Rebay or Peggy Guggenheim, who promoted artists such as Jackson Pollock or Willem de Kooning. In this conference, the architect, professor, academic and critic Luis Fernández-Galiano explains how the internationalisation and transformation of the city were favoured by the construction of large complexes such as the headquarters of the United Nations designed by Wallace Harrison and of sophisticated towers such as Gordon Bunshaft's Lever House or Mies van der Rohe's Seagram and, especially, by the large public works and infrastructure projects for which Robert Moses was responsible; However, this tendency to capitalise on public space was countered by the social activism of urban planner Jane Jacobs and her defence of the urban and local fabric of neighbourhoods such as Greenwich Village, whose illustrious neighbours included the writers of the Beat Generation, singers such as Bob Dylan or pop artists such as Andy Warhol.

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