Canal March

Who is Friedrich Nietzsche?

Diego Sánchez Meca

The director of the Spanish edition of Nietzsche's Complete Works and Professor of Contemporary Philosophy at UNED, Diego Sánchez Meca, analyses the biography of Friedrich Nietzsche (Röcken, 1844–Weimar, 1900), highlighting a turbulent career marked by academic rejection and early retirement, chronic illnesses and continual transfers of residence and, finally, cerebral collapse. The possible causes of the break with Wagner—who had a great influence on him—, the nature of his aphoristic and inconclusive writing or the chance that brought him to fame are several aspects that are addressed in relation to the figure of Nietzsche. In conclusion, the promotion of the cult of Nietzsche—when he was deprived of his will and posthumously to his death—promoted by his sister Elizabeth, who also benefited from the manipulated publication of his works, contributed to forge the distorted image of the German philosopher and philologist as—in the words of the speaker—"the thinker of Bismarckian nationalism first and Hitlerian national socialism later".

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