Orphism, between religion and philosophy
The mysterical rites arose in ancient Greece as a response to individual aspirations that the Olympian religion did not embrace. These had a secret, initiatic, voluntary, and soteriological character, and they revolved more around the subject than the divinity. Orphism counted Orpheus as a mythical prophet, a hero who would have lived around 1200 B.C., and whose prodigious mastery of music, his participation in the journey of the Argonauts and his incursion into the Afterlife in search of Eurydice, made him the most successful incarnation of the medium between the humans and the divine. Alberto Berbabé, Professor Emeritus of Greek Philology at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, analyzes the precepts, mythis and teachings of the Orphic cult.
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