Canal March

Cicero: The rise and fall of an upstart

Francisco Pina Polo

Francisco Pina Polo, Professor of Ancient History at the University of Zaragoza, analyzes the political and public career of Marcus Tullius Cicero (Arpino, 106 B.C.–Formia, 43 B.C.) from the correspondence and speeches of the great Roman orator, paying special attention to his human side—with its greatness and weaknesses. Cicero, who was a "homo novus", started his career as quaestor in Sicily, and when he arrived in Rome he was alderman and later promoted to praetor and consul. After achieving glory by obtaining the consulate, he was accused of being a tyrant and had to go into exile in Greece for a year and a half. Cicero's last attempts to defend the Roman Republic—in his speeches of the Philipsys—ended with his death sentence and later murder, as a result of the establishment of the government of Lepidus' triumvirate, Marco Antonio and the young Caesar.

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