Canal March

Byzantium/Constantinople/lstanbul: The great pivotal city between East and West, Antiquity and the Middle Ages

Manuel Bendala

From its origins as a Greek colony, Byzantium was subjected to the tension between the Eastern and Western worlds due to its strategic importance, subsequently coming under Roman rule. In the fourth century it was renamed Constantinople by the Emperor Constantine I, who would be responsible for its expansion and the construction of important buildings with both Pagan and Christian references, as well as the beginning of the construction of the Sancta Sophia basilica –Emperor Justinian I erected the new church during the sixth century, which remains practically intact today–. After the Ottoman conquest, the Sancta Sophia basilica was transformed into a mosque. From 1930, the city would become known as Istanbul.

Next Session: Carthago Nova. Archaeology of a Mediterranean metropolis

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