Discoveries and Mysteries about Research into the Manuscripts Lecture Series Manuscripts from the Dead Sea

Discoveries and Mysteries about Research into the Manuscripts

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Julio Trebolle

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  1. Julio TrebolleJulio Trebolle

    Catedrático del Departamento de Hebreo y Arameo de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, es doctor en Filosofía y Letras (sección de Filología Semítica) por la misma Universidad y doctor en Teología por la Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca. Se formó además en la Universidad de Münster y en l'École Biblique et Archéologique Française de Jerusalén, siendo en esta última actualmente profesor e investigador. Desde 1991 a 2000 ha sido director del Instituto de Ciencias de las Religiones de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

    Además de artículos de investigación publicados en revistas especializadas, es autor de libros como La experiencia de Israel: profetismo y utopía (1996), Los hombres de Qumrán en colaboración con Florentino García Martínez (1993, 2ª edición en 1997), La Biblia judía y la Biblia cristiana (1993, 4ª edición en 2013), El libro de los Salmos. Religión, poder y saber (2001), El Judaísmo (2002), Los judíos hoy (2005), Historia de la Biblia en colaboración con Miguel Pérez (2006), e Imagen y palabra de un silencio. La Biblia en su mundo (2008); varios traducidos al inglés, italiano y portugués. Es además coordinador de Paganos, judíos y cristianos en los textos de Qumrán (1999).

    Es miembro del Comité internacional de edición de los Manuscritos del Mar Muerto y ha publicado manuscritos de Qumrán en la serie oficial de la edición titulada Discoveries in the Judaean Desert de la Universidad de Oxford.

Once the puzzle of combining the more than 40.000 fragments of scrolls, now published in their totality, is completed, it is the time to fit together the new knowledges with those arriving from other discoveries and with those deriving from already known sources that now need to be reviewed. The new data pose new questions of difficult solution: is there any relation between the scrolls found and the archaeological site nearby?, are these an Essen settlement and library?, do the manuscripts and the cemetery prove anything about the supposed Essen celibate?, are there tombs from women?, how to combine the classic sources (Pliny the Elder, Philon, Josephus) with the information on the scrolls?, who where the Essenes and what relation they had with other Jewish groups, the Sadducees and Pharisees in particular?, where they men of Law, wise men, apocalyptic or mystics?, what groups and tendencies still persist and which disappeared after the destruction of Jerusalem in year 70?, which are their points of contact and rupture between the scrolls and the New Testament?

This introductory conference will deepen in a particular way in the two hundred scrolls that transmit texts of the Hebrew and Greek bible. It will highlight how the biblical books were circulated in several texts and editions, which does not prevent from causing serious problems for the comprehension of both, the Bible and Judaism, and also Christianity. As a consequence of the discoveries, currently there are new editions of the Hebrew Bible and its versions in preparation.