The Spanish thinking: reflection of the normalization process Lecture Series THE PRESENT SPANISH THINKING

The Spanish thinking: reflection of the normalization process

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José Luis Abellán

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  1. José Luis AbellánJosé Luis Abellán

    Es catedrático de Filosofía de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, donde se doctoró en 1961. Le fue concedido el Premio Nacional de Ensayo en 1981; representó a España en la UNESCO (1983-86), ha dado cursos y conferencias en España y en numerosos países de Europa y América Latina, siendo su especialidad más destacada la de historiador de las ideas. Entre sus numerosos libros destacan El erasmismo español, La idea de América: origen y evolución, Sociología del 98, El 98 cien años después, El exilio filosófico en América: los transterrados de 1939, El exilio como constante y como categoría, además de muy variadas antologías y ediciones. Pero sin duda es sobre todo conocido por su Historia crítica del pensamiento español (7 vols.; 1979-1992), monumental estudio sobre la historia de la filosofía en España. Está en posesión de la Encomienda de Alfonso X el Sabio, concedida en 1999. Actualmente es presidente de la Asociación Cultural de Amistad Hispano-Mexicana.
     
     

The fact of having devoted my professional life to the Spanish thought obliges me in these first years of the 21st century to make an evaluation of the current situation. The landscape of how it was in its day, and which I exposed in Historia crítica del pensamiento español, I believe has had certain influence on the ruling minorities to provoke a reflexion that has contributed to introduce a new national conscience based on the reality of the facts:

A Spain that has normalized against its traditional decadence. In other words, a country that has gone from being rural and agricultural to become urban and industrial; a century tradition of emigrating population that has reconverted in another one with increasing immigration; an attitude of introversion and isolation that has looked to the exterior, allowing an aperture to communication and receptivity; a high rate of illiteracy that is now reduced to insignificant percentages.

In the realm of thought this means that the traditional dissident conscience of the intellectual minorities has transformed into a proud feeling of what is ours, incorporating new values that traditionally had been neglected in the collective conscience: with an emphasis in possessing material goods (money, a second residence, high-end cars, high quality of life...) and important social success. In regards to the field of philosophy, we observe an adaptation of the professors towards new themes and present problems; we can also observe a very significant increase of women dedicated to the philosophical profession.