- José María Ridao
Nació en Madrid en 1961 y es licenciado en Filología árabe y en Derecho. En 1987 ingresó en la carrera diplomática, que lo llevó a ejercer en Angola, la Unión Soviética, Guinea Ecuatorial y Francia. Actualmente es escritor y colabora con diversos medios de comunicación. Como ensayista ha publicado, entre otros, El pasajero de Montauban, Weimar entre nosotros, Dos visiones de España y Elogio de la imperfección. Como novelista es autor de El mundo a media voz y Agosto en el Paraíso.
The fall of the Soviet Union produced a fragmentation of the political power similar in many aspects to feudalism. The hypertrophied centralism that was required for economical planning and the directing of basically all social realms by the State, caused at the time of the collapse that the different bodies of power fell into private hands. In too many occasions, this process has been interpreted as the rising of the mafia, using an implicit parallelism with some regions of Italy, but it was nevertheless radically different. The Russian "mafias" were not organizations independent of the State who pretended parasitizing it, but were the result of privatizing the powers and resources of the things that had been collective until the end of the Soviet Union. The evolution of Russian policy, particularly the ascension of Putin, follows the same logic as the feudal policy in certain way. Putin has not reconstructed a single power hosted by the State, but has put himself as the supreme referee of fragmented powers, among which he establishes equilibriums to ensure his supremacy.