The world that created the Crusades Lecture Series The Crusades

The world that created the Crusades

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José Enrique Ruiz-Doménec

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  1. José Enrique Ruiz-DoménecJosé Enrique Ruiz-Doménec

    Nació en Granada. Es catedrático de Historia Medieval y director del Instituto de Estudios Medievales en la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona. Académico numerario de la Real Academia de Buenas Letras y de la Reial Acadèmia de Doctors de Catalunya. Fue elegido el representante español en la comisión de “veintisiete historiadores para Europa”, uno por país de la Unión Europea.

    Es autor de varios centenares de artículos en las más prestigiosas revistas internacionales y de en torno a una cuarentena de libros, los últimos: Escuchar el pasado, 2012; Europa, las claves de su historia, 2010, varias veces reeditado y traducido al francés; Catalunya, España. Encuentros-desencuentros, 2011; Personajes intempestivos de la historia, 2011; y Entre historias de la Edad Media, 2011.

    En 2012 ha sido nombrado titular de la cátedra Edmundo O´Gormann en Méjico, cátedra que por primera vez es concedida a un europeo. También ha ejercido de guionista y director de documentales para televisión.

Once the year one thousand was passed, and after verifying that the terrors of the millennium were unfounded and the world had not come to an end, a few assemblies of bishops in southern Europe proclaim that the "peace of God" is the most valuable good of society. This way, they faced the feudal nobility, and particularly their confidence men, the knights, who had made war their reason of life. This moral conflict quickly became a a political dispute. The situation further escalated with the reform of the Church sponsored by the pope Gregory VII, the "Gregorian Reform", which caused a strong confrontation between the secular power, represented in the figure of the emperor Henry IV, and the ecclesiastic power, represented by the pope himself, and which caused the Canossa event where the former was submitted to the power of the later. With this climate it was attempted to find a an ideal that would combine the interests of the nobility and the church, and this ideal were the crusades, where the church sanctified war as a way of life, as long as this was done in the name of faith. This way, the "matamoros" (Moor killer) knights like Roldán, the hero of the "chansons de geste" that carries his name, became knights of Christ, “milites Christi”, embracing the cross and launching the long enterprise of conquering the Holy Land.