Jesus of Nazareth Lecture Series Figures from the Old and New Testaments

Jesus of Nazareth

  1. The event took place on
Rafael Aguirre

Multimedia

  1. Rafael AguirreRafael Aguirre

    (Bilbao, 1941) Catedrático emérito de Teología de la Universidad de Deusto. Licenciado en Filosofía y Letras por la Universidad de Barcelona, en Teología por la Universidad Gregoriana de Roma, y en Sagrada Escritura por el Pontificio Instituto Bíblico de Roma. Postgrado en Sagrada Escritura, es Doctor en Teología por la Universidad Pontificia Salamanca. Ha impartido cursos como profesor invitado en la Universidad Centroamericana de San Salvador, el Centro Sèvres de París, ITEPAL en Bogotá, el Instituto Español Bíblico y el Arqueológico de Jerusalén. Pionero en el mundo hispano en la aplicación de las ciencias sociales a los estudios bíblicos. Entre 1989 y 1995 ha sido director de la Asociación Bíblica Española y pertenece a la Studiorum Novi Testamento Societas y a la Society of Biblical Literature, asímismo es socio fundador de la Sociedad Española de Ciencias de las Religiones.
    Ha publicado en torno a treinta libros, entre los que se encuentran: La reflexión de las primeras comunidades cristianas sobre la persona de Jesús (1982), Jesús de Nazaret: el amor que lleva a la justicia (1986), La Iglesia de Antioquia de Siria (1988), La mesa compartida: estudios del Nuevo Testamento desde las ciencias sociales (1994), Aproximación actual al Jesús de la historia (1996), Ensayo sobre el cristianismo primitivo (2001), Qué se sabe de... Jesús de Nazaret (2009), Así empezó el cristianismo (2010) en colaboración con Carmen Bernabé y Carlos Gil, y Evangelios sinópticos y Hechos de los Apóstoles (1992, nueva edición actualizada y ampliada 2012) en colaboración con Antonio Rodríguez Carmona.

We begin by briefly introducing the evolution of the studies on the historical Jesus, starting from the appearance of the critical exegesis. Later, we will point to the nature of the current investigations, particularly highlighting the advances in the knowledge about the historical, social, and cultural context in which his life developed. This implies a multidisciplinary approach to the study of Jesus. To put in place what we will expose next, it is important to remember the epistemological nature of historical knowledge, which has to avoid both, the objective positivism and the uncontrolled relativism. We will also briefly expose the sources that we have for this historical study, as well as their nature.

The central part of the conference will consist in the presentation of the most characteristic traits of the message and actions of Jesus, as well as the reactions he found among his contemporaries, as it is implied by the current research. It will be inevitable to present in a few bullets the, not any less important, diverse opinions that currently exists, although without falling into too many academicisms that may hinder the important consensuses that are being reached by the scholars.

The person of Jesus is inseparable from the intra-Jew movement he caused, already during his life, and we will try to locate sociologically the context of Judaism in his time. A rigorous historical study needs to be capable of addressing the novelty of Jesus, but always within an understandable context. Provided the very special influence that Jesus had since his days and until the present, the question about the characteristics of this historical phenomenon arise, including how much should we refer to the peculiar traits of Jesus' action and person to be able to explain it adequately.