Educational concerts

Teaching materials

Teaching Guides

These educational guides as well as the rest of the educational materials (videos and recitals) have been prepared as a complement to the educational concerts organised by the Fundación Juan March. Their immediate function is to serve as a work tool in the classroom and to help prepare students before and after attending the concert at the Foundation. However, these materials are equally susceptible to being used in other pedagogical contexts and in self-learning, regardless of whether or not students attend the concert.

About teaching concerts (PDF, 546 KB)


Ruido, pulso, ritmo: el mundo de la percusión

Only in Spanish

El ritmo está en la base de toda música. La percusión, ya sea corporal, vocal o producida a través de instrumentos musicales, es una de las formas más primitivas de expresión en todas las culturas. Este concierto didáctico explora el ritmo, desde su concepción más básica hasta las formulaciones polirrítmicas más complejas, a través de ocho obras compuestas en los últimos treinta años. La convivencia en el escenario de instrumentos de percusión muy diversos, con percusión corporal, objetos cotidianos y electrónica grabada, permitirá el aprendizaje de recursos rítmicos y expresivos insospechados. El programa aborda también la riqueza y sofisticación de otras culturas que han inspirado a compositores occidentales.

BOOST Grupo de Percusión
Antonio Martín Aranda, Gregorio Gómez Sánchez, Pablo Serí Leganés, Roberto Fernández Duro

Polo Vallejo, presentación

Material para el docente:  Material para el alumno: 
Music and painting: conecting the sense

Music and painting are very different artistic disciplines. From the sense that conditions them—hearing and sight—to the dimension in which they take place—time and space—they are opposing arts. However, some creative elements are transferred from one discipline to the other: painters give rhythm to their configurations on the canvas, while composers speak of the colours of their sounds. This concert explores the aesthetic interactions between music and painting by suggesting a parallel contemplation, a fusion of sight with hearing that reveals the interrelation between both disciplines.

Only in Spanish

Karina Azizova / Marta Espinós, piano

Fernando Palacios, presentación

Resources for Teachers: 


Creating with the body: Discovering dance

The arts in general and dance in particular do not belong to the unique realm of the artist. Their basic component lies in the communicative act. Taking this basic idea as a departure point, this educational project created by Kor'sia within the framework of the Foundation presents an exploration of the body as a player and of dance as a language in this communicative process. Particular emphasis will be placed on the importance of gestures for generating meaning, the existing dialogue between space and our own body or the aesthetic relationship between dance and other arts such as music and sculpture. The imagination, as Ken Robinson maintains, is "the primordial gift of the human conscious" and it helps us contribute to artistic creation.

Only in Spanish

KOR'SIA, compañía de danza

Mattia Russo y Antonio de Rosa, dirección artística

Agnès López Río, diseño de proyecto pedagógico

Astrid Bramming, Giulia Russo, Alejandro Moya, Claudia Bosch y Elena Castellanos, bailarines

Cristina Henríquez, presentación

Resources for Teachers: 
Musical enconunters: Jazz & classical music
For two pianos and presenter

At the outset of the twentieth century there was an outburst of new forms of artistic creation with very different social origins and aesthetic approaches. In the United States, jazz was born. This style of composing and performing music emerged in New Orleans and was based on rhythms with Afro-American roots such as the blues and ragtime. The success of this new style was such that it soon reached Europe and was embraced by classical-music composers. This concert narrates the history of an encounter between two different musical worlds, which, nevertheless, wound up intertwining.

Noelia Rodiles / Constancia Lechner, piano clásico
Moisés P. Sánchez / Federico Lechner, piano jazz

Presenter: Fernando Palacios

ducational guide produced by Ana Hernández y Cristina Gutiérrez.

Resources for Teachers:  Only in Spanish
Africa inspires the west
Polyrhythms and polyphonies For percussion, piano, projections, lights and narrator

We are always inclined to believe that the West exercises a cultural supremacy with respect to the rest of the world. But this recital will show just the opposite: the rhythmic sophistication of African music is very superior to European music, to the extent that it has inspired many European composers.

This concert will also explain how to discover and reproduce the richness of African rhythms and melodies, as well as the main instruments used in African music.

BaahLaah (Justin Tchatchoua and Aboubacar Shyla, percussion) and Noelia Rodiles or Antonio Ortiz, piano.

Presenter: Polo Vallejo.

Educational guide produced by Lamberto del Álamo and Vicente Gil.

Resources for teachers:  Only in Spanish Resources for Students:
A morning at the zarzuela

Many young people believe that zarzuela is a musical genre of the past that they can't relate to at all. But this educational concert aims to show another perspective of this genre, which can be as close and modern as any other.

In two of the best-known zarzuelas, we will follow the adventures of Virginio, the main character of our story, and Felipe in his efforts to win the love of Cecilia. And at the same time, we will also discover how the music helps to define the psychological profile of each character or how lighting is an expressive resource that underlines the drama of the performance.


  • Figurines y vestuario: Xoán López
  • Diseño de iluminación: Fer Lázaro
  • Técnico de sonido: María Rodríguez-Mora
  • Diseño de proyecciones: Dolores Iglesias

Education guide prepared by Isabel Domínguez.

Resources for Teachers:  Only in Spanish Resources for Students:
PAUL KLEE, the violinist painter
PAUL KLEE, the violinist painter

Perhaps no other artist of the twentieth century forged such a close relationship with music as the Swiss painter Paul Klee, himself a consummate violinist, to the extent that his own manner of painting contains elements stemming from musical composition. This concert will demonstrate the parallelisms between music and painting by comparing certain musical works with some of Paul Klee's paintings.

Ana María Valderrama, violín y Luis del Valle, piano o Miguel Colom, violin y Dennis Lossev, piano.

Presenter: Fernando Palacios.

Didactic guide made by Ana Hernández Sanchiz.

Resources for teachers:  Only in Spanish
A morning at the opera

Opera is considered the most complete artistic expression in the history of the Western world. Music and song interact on stage, but so do literature, poetry, scenography and design, among other disciplines. This combination generates a unique and special combination. This concert will use humour to help in our understanding of some of the most important features of opera.

Based on a selection of well-known extracts from different operas, the different voice types, the most common musical forms (arias, recitatives, duets and trios), the importance of visual elements and the peculiarities of bel canto will be discovered.

Camerata lírica de Madrid.

Presentador: Fernando Palacios.

Didactic guide made by Isabel Domínguez.

Resources for Teachers:  Only in Spanish Resources for Students: 

The evolution of machinery and means of transport have broadened the soundscape, inspiring numerous composers. The frontiers between sound, music and noise are not always as clear as has sometimes been thought. At the hands of a pianist and a percussionist, this concert explores the relationship between the mechanical rhythm of machinery and the timbral richness of the environment surrounding us with diverse musical creations.

Only in Spanish

Antonio Martín Aranda, percusión y Leonel Morales Herrero o Rubén Russo, piano.

Presentador: Fernando Palacios.

Guía didáctica elaborada por Isabel Domínguez.

Resources for Teachers:  Only in Spanish Resources for Students: 
The one-act zarzuela: La Salsa de Aniceta

Telling stories that entertain and amuse has always been one of the missions of theatre. Occasionally, music was added to the theatrical performance, meaning that apart from speaking, the characters were also required to sing.

This is the main characteristic of zarzuela. This concert is an introduction to this musical genre, which is so closely linked to Spanish culture. Following a brief introduction, the audience will enjoy a full performance of a zarzuela in chamber format. This educational project was organised in conjunction with the RESAD.

Performance of the zarzuela La salsa de Aniceta. Zarzuela in one act. Music by Ángel Rubio and libretto by Ramón María Liern.

Resources for Teachers  Only in Spanish
Paintings that come to life in sound: from the vihuela to the electric guitar

The music heard in the past can never be recovered. Unlike a painting, building or sculpture, which remain practically unvaried over time, music is irremediably lost forever after each performance.

However, it is possible to get a better idea of how the music of the past sounded through the many paintings and iconographical documents that represent musical scenes. Taking four instruments from the same family as an example, this educational concert leads us on a journey through the music composed over the last five centuries, accompanying the works with paintings from each period that reflect the atmosphere in which they were performed.

At the same time, the concert will demonstrate the similarities and differences between these instruments, as well as the social and cultural context in which each of them was at its height.

Resources for Teachers  Only in Spanish
Poetry in music

This concert will focus on exploring the relationship between poetry and music based on a selection of songs for soprano and piano by Spanish composers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Following a short explanation of the literary characteristics of a selection of poems, the main objective of the concert is to demonstrate how composers faced the challenge of setting a poem to music and which resources they used in order to transmit the ideas and metaphors evoked in a literary text in sound.

Resources for Teachers  Only in Spanish
Ways of dancing music
Para violín y piano y narrador

Often we tend to assume that music is generally composed to listen to. However, occasionally, it may have a different function, for example, to accompany dance.

This concert presents a group of works for violin and piano that were originally conceived as part of certain dances and consequently their rhythms, form and length were conditioned by the corporal movements they guided.

Resources for Teachers  Only in Spanish
All play together. The history of the orchestra

This concert presents a brief history of the orchestra exemplified, in this case, by a chamber orchestra, which is smaller in size than a symphony orchestra.

Using works from different periods and different styles (from the baroque to the twenty-first century), the recital will demonstrate the implications of a large group of performers making music together, the technical difficulties this entails for composers, but at the same time the new possibilities created as a result of having a broader array of sounds at their disposal.

Resources for Teachers  Only in Spanish
Unnotated music: the power of improvisation

Performing music from a score is a common image in concert halls. The score is, in fact, the means by which composers fix the sound of their works on paper so that performers can subsequently decipher it.

However, an important part of the performance of a work is not invented by the composer and is thus not registered in the score. This is improvisation: the creation of a work in the very act of performance. This educational concert presents some of the resources jazz musicians use when improvising, which is an essential part of this genre, with live explanations.

Resources for Teachers Only in Spanish
Simultaneous melodies: texture in music

When two or melodies are heard at the same time (which occurs in the overwhelming majority of cases with few exceptions, such as Gregorian chant), they do so according to a hierarchy known as "texture".

Using repertories from very different periods, this educational concert explains the most commonly used combinations of melodies, illustrating them with specific works: accompanied melodies, canons, fugues, minimalist notation and parallel melodies.

Resources for Teachers  Only in Spanish
Rithm and words
Para un percusionista y narrador

Rhythm, the essential basis of music, is the focus of this Guide, which explores the way in which it is used in different works for percussion instruments in very different styles. Various modern works are used in order to experience the different ways in which rhythm, percussion and words make up a unique sound universe.

A través de varias obras modernas, se podrán experimentar los distintos modos en que el ritmo, la percusión y la palabra conforman un universo sonoro único.

Resources for Teachers  Only in Spanish
Evocations of journeys: music for two pianos

This Guide is about the influence that contact with other cultures has had on some composers in recent decades: the composer's use of evocation or memories of a distant place using original and surprising combinations of rhythms and melodies.

Resources for Teachers  Only in Spanish
Romántics y abstracts

This program demonstrates the analogy between music and painting by comparing two artistic currents: Romanticism and Abstraction. The similarity of colours, forms, structures and styles is striking when these musical works and paintings are jointly contemplated.

Resources for Teachers  Only in Spanish
Concert for organ

A journey through the history of this age-old instrument using examples of different styles and from different periods. The Guide explains the different elements making up the instrument, types of organs and how its tubes and pedals work, all of which is illustrated with music by various composers.

Resources for Teachers  Only in Spanish
The secrets of the piano
Para clave, fortepiano y piano y narrador

A short history of keyboard instruments. The harpsichord, fortepiano and piano are the three main instruments of this Guide. The features and sound of each instrument are presented, together with the historical and social context in which they were used, from the intimate salons of the harpsichord to the large modern concert halls of the piano.

Resources for Teachers  Only in Spanish