Debussy used the habanera rhythm to pay homage to Spain. For this reason, after his death, his friend Falla used the same rhythm in his Homenaje. Pour le tombeau de Debussy. The habanera gradually lost its Spanish identity and it went back to being (only) Cuban. But nostalgia for the past prompted Montsalvatge to develop his own style, full of humour and melancholy, which was known as “antillanismo”. In this style, the rhythm of the habanera was once again central.