Jesús Bal y Gay (1905-1993) stood out as a musicologist and folklorist prior to the Spanish Civil War. Married to the composer Rosa García-Ascot, most of his own compositions date from his period of exile in Mexico. It was there that he composed the Divertimento para cuatro instrumentos de viento, a work inspired by the Classical serenata, which reflects the influences of Falla, French Neoclassicism and Stravinsky (a friend of the couple).
Salvador Bacarisse (1898-1963) was one of the most outstanding composers of the twentieth century. Very active during the Second Republic, his Communist militancy forced him to go into exile in France at the end of the Spanish Civil War. The clarity of his writing, intensified during his exile due to his will to establish fluid communication with the audience, is evident in his Concerto pour le jour de l’an (1954) and in the short piece Chant de l’oiseau que n’existe pas (1963).